There is a number of gynecological conditions that either have no symptoms at all, or have symptoms that mimmick those of other conditions or even the normal functions of the female reproductive system such as menstrual pain and monthly bleeding.
For this reason, they are likely to go under the radar and remain undetected for years; in some cases, untreated gynecological conditions may have terrible consequences in a woman’s life. Endometriosis is one example of these disorders. It happens when the endometrium, or inner tissue of the uterus, grows not only where it should but also in wrong places, mostly the ovaries and Falopian tubes.
These masses of endometrian tissue react just as the rest of the normal endometrium, growing and bleeding on a monthly basis. Endometriosis can be completely asymptomatic, which makes it very difficult to diagnose, but when it does have symptoms, these are the most common ones:
1. Painful periods
Many women suffer pain during their periods, and this is considered normal in most cases. Cramps are the most common source of pain, but bloating or inflammation of the pelvic tissues can also play a part in dysmenorrhea (the technical name for menstrual pain). For this reason, endometriosis is likely to remain undiagnosed for a long time, since the pain it causes can be considered normal.
Periods hurt because the uterine muscles contract in order to force the old endometrium out of our bodies, so a new one can start growing a few days afterwards. However, the pain of endometriosis is different. Deposits of abnormal endometrial tissue are called implants, and they can appear ina variety of places, mosty the pelvis; they bleed every month during a woman’s period, but the blood has nowhere to go, and the inflammation and scarring caused by this failed bleeding is behind the pain of endometriosis.